(L. Abettum); to induce another to commit a crime; to bait or to excite; to aid, encourage or incite another to commit a criminal act. In civil law the crime has been described thus, “ A person abets the doing of a thing who- first-instigates any person to do that thing; or secondly, engages with one or more other person or persons in any conspiracy for the doing of that thing, if an act or illegal omission takes place pursuance of that conspiracy and in order to the doing of that thing; or third-intentionally aids, by any act or illegal omission, the doing of that thing (Indian Penal Code, section 107).” The word, though, is not used in the Codes, its certain implications are found in the Codes.

CIC, cc. 1369 and 1373, and CCEO, cc. 1448 § 1, and 1447 § 1 envisage punishments for certain types of abetment. CIC, c. 1369 and the corresponding canon of CCEO no. 1448 § 1 lays down the perceptive penalty for abetment of hatred or contempt against religion, to commit immorality etc. According to CIC, c. 1373 and CCEO, c. 1447 § 1, those who abet disobedience to Ordinaries or Apostolic See are to be punished with an interdict or other just penalties. The punishment for abetment is ferendae sententiae.