(L. Infans expositus); children forsaken or who are without a legal guardian.
Abandoned children are presumed to be baptized, unless contrary is proven. Thus, abandoned children are to be baptized only after diligent inquiry whether they were baptized earlier (cf. CIC, c.870). This is an exception to the rule that the infant baptism is to be conferred on the assurance that the children are brought up in Christian faith by the parents or guardian. However, abandoned children should not be baptized until it is ascertained that the child will be entrusted or brought up by Catholic persons.
Abandoning physically and mentally handicapped children or illegitimate children to die had been common in both ancient
In many instances, the Christians rescued the abandoned children, baptized them and brought them up by the Christian funds. After the edict of